What is Sciatica?

Sciatica is not a medical condition on its own. It is a symptom of another medical problem (commonly a herniated disc) and treatment of the corresponding medical problem will help treat sciatica as a result. Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve is pinched and pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling occurs in the left or right leg (usually not both). The sciatic nerve starts in the spine and runs down the back of each leg. The nerve controls muscles behind the knees and lower leg, provides sensation to the back of the thighs, and the sole of the foot.

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Causes and symptoms of Sciatica

Common causes of sciatica include herniated disc, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, tumors, pelvic fractures, and piriformis syndrome.

Pain from sciatica can vary widely depending on location and how pinched the nerve is. Pain tolerance can range from tolerable to disabling. It may feel like a burning sensation, dull ache, or mild tingling. Some patients experience radiating pain into the hip, calf, and sole of the foot. Overall, the affected leg feels weak. Sciatica pain is felt often when standing, sitting at prolonged periods of time, and at night. Pain can also be exacerbated with sneezing, coughing, or laughing.

Diagnosing Sciatica

In the event that zero progress in signs and symptoms has transpired within 6 weeks or even red flags are recent, imaging is usually suitable. Imaging may well consist of both CT or even MRI. Imaging approaches such as MR neurography might support in analysis as well as remedy of sciatica. MR neurography offers have been proven to identify 95% of overwhelming sciatica pain sufferers, while as a handful of  15% of sciatica pain victims within the common populace are identified with disc-related difficulties. MR neurography is a altered MRI method utilizing MRI computer software to offer much better images of the spinal nerves as well as the impact of compression upon those nerves. MR neurography may well assist identify piriformis syndrome which usually is an additional trigger of sciatica pain that doesn’t  include a herniated disc.

Preventing Sciatica

Physical exercise such as going swimming support the muscle groups which aid the spine with out placing any kind of stress upon it or even disclosing it to a unexpected jolt, as well as may protect against as well as decrease the signs and symptoms of sciatica. Yoga exercises and even pilates can easily help enhance the overall flexibility as well as  strengthen the back muscles. Posture may worsen sciatica pain.

Acquiring steps to improve this may relieve discomfort and inflammation:


Stand erect along with a upright backside and front-facing head. Bodyweight become well balanced equally upon the two feet as well as hip and legs held in a straight line.

Sit erect along with any assistance, such as a pillow or even rolled-up hand towel inside the smaller part associated with the backside. Knees and also hips ought to become level and also feet ought to end up being level upon the ground, by using the support of a footstool whenever essential.

Driving Long distances and driving/riding in general

As together with sitting down, the backside ought to become correctly reinforced. Properly placement side mirrors to avoid needing to distort the backside. Feet adjustments ought to end up being straight in front of the feet. In the event of traveling lengthy rides and distances, normal rests must be obtained to stretch out the legs, back, and hips.

Sleeping Position and form

Sleep upon a medium-firm bed mattress (not necessarily too firm). The bed mattress ought to end up being firm enough to help the entire body whilst assisting body-weight of the shoulder blades as well as bottom, maintaining the spine erect. Assist the head together with a cushion, however help to make certain the neck and throat are certainly not pressured upwards from a large angle.

Lifting and handling

To avoid injury-caused sciatica pain, the proper technique with regard to raising as well as dealing with things ought to end up being adopted. Which means simply…lift with your legs and not your back!

We hope you found our sciatica article useful.

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